Main Article Content
Aims: The study sort to determine factors influencing the uptake of cervical cancer screening services among rural women aged 18-69 years in Webuye East Sub-County, Kenya.
Study Design: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study design.
Place and Duration of Study: Webuye East Sub-County, Bungoma County, Kenya, between December 2018-March 2019.
Methodology: The study adopted a quantitative data collection technique to a target population of 125 rural women aged 18-69 years.
Data on social demographics and social-cultural factors, level of uptake, level of awareness and health care facility factors influencing cervical cancer screening variables were collected using structured questionnaires. Data were verified, coded, and analysed with SPSS version 25. Descriptive statistics were analysed and presented in tables. Chi-square tests were carried out to determine the link between categorical variables.
Results: The use of screening facilities for cervical cancer was found to be low at 26% (33/125). On the overall, the study showed a significant relationship between age [p=0.05], women with insurance cover [p=0.00] and income [p=0.01].
Conclusions: Cervical cancer screening is low women in the study area. The study concludes that there is a significant/potential possibility of improving women’s participation in cervical screening if regular best practices are embraced.
Recommendations: The study recommends that Women enrol in health insurance schemes to ensure that they access screening services together with enhancing community awareness on cervical cancer.
WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2015. Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015.
WHO Member States with a population of less than 100 000 in 2015 were not included in the analysis.
(Accessed 29 March 2018)
World Health Organization. Monitoring health for the SDGs: sustainable development goals. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016.
Ugwu EO, Udealor PC, Dim CC, Obi SN, Ozumba BC, Okeke DO, Agu PU. Accuracy of clinical and ultrasound estimation of fetal weight in predicting actual birth weight in Enugu, Southeastern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2014;17(3):270-275.
Kenya Demographic and Health Surveyv (KDHS); 2014.
Nwabichie CC, Manaf RA, Ismail SB. Factors affecting uptake of cervical cancer screening among African women in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP. 2018;19(3): 825.
Nwabichie CC, Manaf RA, Ismail SB. Factors affecting uptake of cervical cancer screening among African women in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP. 2018;19(3): 825.
Gatumo M, Gacheri S, Sayed AR, Scheibe A. Women’s knowledge and attitudes related to cervical cancer and cervical cancer screening in Isiolo and Tharaka Nithi counties, Kenya: A cross-sectional study. BMC Cancer. 2018;18(1):745.
Kisiangani J, Baliddawa J, Marinda P, Mabeya H, Choge JK, Adino EO, Khayeka-Wandabwa C. Determinants of breast cancer early detection for cues to expanded control and care: the lived experiences among women from Western Kenya. BMC Women's Health. 2018;18(1): 81.
Getahun F, Mazengia F, Abuhay M, Birhanu Z. Comprehensive knowledge about cervical cancer is low among women in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Cancer. 2013; 13(1):2.
Lukorto Judith. Uptake of cervical cancer screening services among Hiv positive women in Dagoretti, Nairobi City County, Kenya. Preventing Chronic Disease. 2016; 20(11):1423–1435.
Ncube B, Bey A, Knight J, Bessler P, Jolly PE. Factors associated with the uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in Portland, Jamaica. North American Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015;7(3): 104.
Seng LM, Rosman AN, Khan A, Haris NM, Mustapha NAS, Husaini NSM, Zahari NF. Awareness of cervical cancer among women in Malaysia. International Journal of Health Sciences. 2018;12(4):42.
Mitiku I, Tefera F. Knowledge about Cervical Cancer and Associated Factors among 15-49 Year Old Women in Dessie Town, Northeast Ethiopia. PLOS ONE. 2016;11(9):e0163136.
Ebu NI, Mupepi SC, Siakwa MP, Sampselle CM. Knowledge, practice and barriers toward cervical cancer screening in Elmina, Southern Ghana. International Journal of Women’s Health. 2015;7:31–39.
Ministry of Health. Nairobi, K. Kenya National Cancer Screening Guidelines. 2018;1–122.
Aweke YH, Ayanto SY, Ersado TL. Knowledge, attitude and practice for cervical cancer prevention and control among women of childbearing age in Hossana Town, Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia: Community-based cross-sectional study. PloS One. 2017;12(7): e0181415.
Bukirwa A, Mutyoba JN, Mukasa N, Karamagi B, Odiit Y, Kawuma ME, Wanyenze RK. Motivations and barriers to cervical cancer screening among HIV infected women in HIV care: A qualitative study. BMC Women’s Health. 2015;15(1): 82.
Sievers DHW. Evidence series: Cervical cancer screening and prevention and Barriers to Uptake. 2016;5.